Nuclear Structure

The cornestones of contemporary Nuclear Physics are the investigation of structure, the dynamics between protons and neutrons, and the understanding of the quantum nucleonic interplay.

Nuclear Structure is a rather wide field of study ranging from experimental investigations of nuclear observables to theoretical interpretations of the experimentally observed phenomena. Nuclear masses, level energies, cross sections, E/M moments, lifetimes and several other important quantities are studied in an attempt to answer fundamental questions lying at the center of nuclear physics: what is the nature of the nuclear forces, especially at the edge of the nuclear chart and in extreme environments such as cosmic events and supernovas?

The NuSTRAP activities regarding nuclear structure deal with experimental measurements of structural properties, such as the nuclear shape, the lifetimes or the E/M moments. Special emphasis is given on the utilization of radioactive beams that have been recently introduced as an important tool for nuclear physics experiments. The experiments are carried out at several large facilities around the world capable of producing these beams at high energies and intensities (GANIL, GSI, CERN/ISOLDE, Jyväskylä etc). These experiments aim at measuring properties of very rare, exotic species that are non-approachable by the older generation accelerators.

The outcome of the experiments offer invaluable information on the proton-neutron interplay which in turn offers a deep insight on the behavior of the strong nuclear interaction at extreme states of matter.

The NuSTRAP group is quite active in experiments with RIB with special emphasis on lifetimes and E/M moments. Our published work has appeared in high impact factor journals and international conference proceedings volumes.